SKIN CAREWe all was born with a soft & smooth skin but not many of us can boast of finely glowing skin we grow. This is because, most of us take our skin for granted either we neglect it or apply synthetic cosmetics or alkaline soaps over your skin, day after day. Like any other living tissue, if our skin is not looked after properly, it will get tired and it will respond to tender care & attention. So it is essential to know about your skin, how full of life your skin is and understands how it performs its various functions. Then logically you will take care of your skin. Knowledge about your skin will enable you to make an active use of your skin in relating more positively to your environment.
SKIN STRUCTURE: -
Skin consists of three layers the epi dermis,
THE EPIDERMIS: -
The epidermis is a fairy thin layer. Its thickness varies around the body, depending on the special needs of that area for instance, the epidermis over the eyelids is particularly thin, while that over the palms & soles is very thick. The epidermis is itself make-up of several layers. On the surface is the horny layer the stratum corneum. This layer is made up of dead cells which are continuously being shed. The cells are shed off as small aggregate become larger and are then visible as scales. This is exactly what happens in dandruff and when our skin is deprived of moisture.Below the layer of dead cells are stakes of living cells comprising
The skin pigment, melanin, is produced by special cells called melanocytes, melanin is very important for the protection of the skin from the sun, this is precisely the reason why melanocytes are stimulated on exposure to the sun, resulting in darkening of the skin.
THE DERMIS: -
The dermis is a much thicker layer than the epidermis. It is made up of a connective tissue frame work in which are embedded blood vessels, lymph vessels, nerves, several types of glands, hair and a whole variety of cells. The connective tissue of the dermis is made up predominantly of a protein called collagen. Presently this protein is being popularly used for the treatment of a variety of skin problems like wrinkles and scars. Elastin or elastic fibers are the other type of protein fibers in the dermis. The dermis also contains a complex system of blood & lymph vessels & a highly complicated nervous system. The nerves receive & pass on an endless stream of valuable information to the body. Any type of skin massage is thought to facilitate the drainage of lymph glands and also the enhance the circulation of blood. Similarly, it has been suggested that massage soothe the nerves in the skin
THE SUB COETANEOUS TISSUE: -
The sub coetaneous tissue: -below the dermis is the fat storage bank of the skin.
THE SKIN GLANDS: -
The dermis has three types of glands, the apocrine glands; the eccrine sweet glands and the sebaceous glands. The apocrine glands are present in association with hair follicles. They are found mainly in areas where there is obvious body hair such as in the armpits and around the genital area. These glands are under hormonal control.
SKIN FUNCTIONS: -
The functions of the skin are truly a puzzle. Skin is both a barrier surrounding & protecting your body from innumerous external assaults and at the same time, it is the means of your constant contacts with the environment. One of its main jobs is to regulate temperature. Another is to preventing the loss of body fluids, as it forms an almost water proof barrier. Simultaneously, it also functions as an active organ of excretion, helping to rid the body of wastes in the form of sweat. Skin is the most active link with your surroundings. Quite apart from its role in your personal appearance, the skin is vital in conveying the sense of touch and forms the principal organ of sexual attraction & communication. It is of utmost important to know about the ‘look’ and ‘Feel’ of your skin to know what type of skin you have.
Skin types fall into four major categories normal, oily, dry and combination.
1. NORMAL SKIN: - This skin type is neither oily for nor dry. It has a soft, velvety texture. Colour glows under its translucent surface. Beautiful as it is, it needs care, it is to last. People with normal skins start showing signs of age and wrinkling sooner than others, if they tend to neglect their skins. Daily cleansing, toning & nourishing is adequate care for normal skin.
2. OILY SKIN: – In this kind of skin, the sebaceous (oil-producing) glands is over active. They produce more oil than is needed, which oozed up, giving the skin a greasy shine. The pores are enlarged and the skin has a coarse look. It is also prone to black heads, pimples and acne. Oily skin need special cleansing to keep the pores unclogged. The flow of sebum (oil) increases during adolescence and starts decreasing with age. At other times of life, like pregnancy and menopause. Hormonal imbalances can also upset the oil balance and increase sebaceous gland activity.
3. DRY SKIN: - The skin lacks both sebum and moisture. It looks fine textured, transparent, patchy and fragile.
4. COMBINATION SKIN: - This type of skin has a greasy area, while the rest is dry or normal. The forehead, nose and chin, i.e. the T-zone, may be greasy & the rest dry. Combination skins are very common and are one of the most frequently misunderstood and mistreated skins. This type of skin requires separate treatment for each area. However, both the dry and greasy areas need moisturizing.
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